A Sweet Aroma

We are to be a sweet aroma to both God and others. Our aim and purpose is to please God and draw others to Him.

“Through us, he brings knowledge of Christ. Everywhere we go, people breathe in the exquisite fragrance.” 2 Corinthians 2:15 The Message

Do you like the smell of coffee? If you do, there’s nothing quite like it. Early in the morning, that scent alone can make the alarm bearable! It bids you, “Come and partake of this rich, vibrant liquid!” Its warmth welcomes you as your fingers fold around the cup. The smell alerts you to the positive perk that’s coming. Its heat comforts as much as its element awakens. A-a-a-ah, the aroma of coffee! In fact, the counterpart to Starbucks in Israel is called “Aroma”. And what a fitting name; you have only to open the door and the fragrance envelopes you, beckoning you to come and imbibe. This past Sunday, we “visited” another church online, Church of the Highlands in Alabama. The Holy Spirit convicted me through their staff pastor, Michan Carter. His sermon was about “Boxing in” people and God, but the conviction came strongly about my attitude during this Covid crisis. My research and opinions lead me to believe, that as real as this virus is, the pandemic is wrapped up in a lot of lies. So, I get fed up with the hypocrisy of the ordinances, and the mask wearing, public shaming regarding them and “social distancing”. For example, we flew on a small plane recently where the pilot is actually sitting in the cabin with the 8 passengers. I asked him if he was going to wear a mask. “No! We’re not allowed to! “ “Why?”, I asked. “Because we can get hypoxia!”, he said. So apparently it is NOT good for you. I digress. So you can see my attitude showing. Well, in a polarizing social climate that we are already in, it does not help. Help what? Draw people in…to. In this crazy time, Jesus as I seek God and ask what I should do; He keeps telling me, “Love.” I believe we are being attacked by the spirit of fear. And what does His Word say? We are” not supposed to have a spirit of fear, but of power, LOVE, and a sound mind.” (2 Timothy 1:7) And Love overcomes fear just as Jesus overcomes the enemy. So during this sermon, I saw myself objectively. I was NOT a sweet aroma drawing people to Jesus. I was NOT a warm cup of coffee…I was more like a polarizing shot of lemon juice ! So the Holy Spirit began showing me a cup of coffee and all I described in the opening. He explained that THIS is how He wants His children to be. A sweet fragrance that draws others to Him. And in 2 Corinthians 2:14-16 it paints the picture beautifully: “In the Messiah, in Christ, God leads us from place to place in one perpetual victory parade. “ Do you walk around like that? In a victory lap? And after the verse above, it then says, “Because of Christ, we give off a sweet scent rising to God, “. Jesus is our good flavor that is evident through our face, even our eyes above that mask! What scent trail are you leaving as you come into contact with others? Genesis 8:21 KJV says, “And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; …”. Our behavior has a fragrance and it can please the Lord…or not. And finally, verse 16, it says this fragrance “ is recognized by those on the way of salvation—an aroma redolent with life.” So what does abundant life smell like? A fresh breeze, a delicious meal, ripening fruit or a heady floral? I don’t know, but it smells GOOD! It draws others to it. It does NOT stink…or repel. But even if you decide to walk in victory with His Holy Spirit sweetly emanating from your being, and show love…don’t be surprised if it’s not taken well by everyone. Verse 16 finishes with this warning: “But those on the way to destruction treat us more like the stench from a rotting corpse.” Some people just want to be miserable or are in so much pain that they can’t smell “life” even though it is right in front of them. And since the beginning of time, some people choose to NOT choose God and His ways. So when you decide to be the sweet aroma of Jesus, you should also recognize that there will always be others who just don’t like that smell. Like coffee. Hopefully, this has you thinking of your effect on others, as it has me. And I think Paul has some really great advice for s here in 1 Corinthians 9:19-23…Even though I am free of the demands and expectations of everyone, I have voluntarily become a servant to any and all in order to reach a wide range of people…” (Those in great fear over the pandemic, those who feel it is full of lies, democrats, republicans…) “whoever. I didn’t take on their way of life. I kept my bearings in Christ—but I entered their world and tried to experience things from their point of view. I’ve become just about every sort of servant there is in my attempts to lead those I meet into a God-saved life. “ His priority, as is ours is to draw others to Jesus…like a sweet, inviting aroma. Let’s pray and improve our fragrance shall we?++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Prayer: You are the essence of everything good, Lord! You are the source of all blessing! Thank You for being our Rock, our protection and our Security in uncertain circumstances. Thank You for being our Peace. Please forgive us for taking our peace and safety for granted. Pardon our pride and rants and raves about what’s wrong in the world and forgetting our goal. Holy Spirit, please help us stay centered in You and remind us and teach us how to draw others to God. You are the gentle breeze that wafts over people and soothes them. Give us a fragrance that makes people want You. Thank You that you are THAT good! Help me to realize it and walk around giving off Your sweet fragrance instead of being full of stinky “self”. May my scent draw others to You for Your glory. Amen.

“My God, My God, Why have you…”

“Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or terrified because of them, for the LORD your God goes with you; he will never leave you nor forsake you.” Exodus 31:6

 Jesus’s famous words on the cross have been so misunderstood. The separation from the Jewish believers in Jesus and the Gentile ones was a split that took away much of the early church’s understanding of the scripture. To look at these famous last words of our Messiah and NOT understand that He was a  Jewish Rabbi using a very “Jewish” teaching technique called “remez” is to be totally confused. Have you ever wondered how God could “forsake” His own Son when He said in His Word, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.”? It is said in Deuteronomy 31:6 and 8, in Joshua 1:5 and 9,and in Hebrews 13:5. It is in 1 Chronicles 28:20, and it is in the verse above in Exodus 31:6. God is clear that He will not leave us or forsake us. And really, Jesus WAS God, so how can you separate from yourself?

Now where else are Jesus’ words “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?”Besides the gospel account in Matthew 27:46:

And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

Try Psalm 22.This is a Messianic Psalm of David. It is called this because it foretold of the Messiah and what would happen to Him when He came. Read Psalm 22 and you will be amazed! Every detail of Jesus’s death on the cross is there! Jesus, being a devout Jew, knew this. He was a Rabbi, so He had this memorized. He was using a teaching technique called “remez” to call his disciples attention to the fact that He was indeed the Messiah, and these events were in motion. It was happening right then!

Scripture was written on scrolls and memorized by much oral teaching. They didn’t have many copies floating around due to the fact that scripture had to be copied by hand. So Jews memorized scripture in songs and in cadences. That’s what psalm means, it means “songs”.

An example of remez would be me saying “Mary had a little …” and you saying “lamb”. Then once I got you started you could go on and finish it. when you get to verse 14 it should all start to sound familiar.

Verse 14-“I am poured out like water,
    and all my bones are out of joint;
my heart is like wax;
it is melted within my breast;” describes death by crucifixion and v. 15  the dehydration that comes with it:“my strength is dried up like a potsherd,
 and my tongue sticks to my jaws;
 you lay me in the dust of death”.

Verse 16- the taunting onlookers and the location of the crucifixion nails: “For dogs encompass me;
 a company of evildoers encircles me;
they have pierced my hands and feet”.

Verse 17& 18- foretoldJesus’s physical condition andthem casting lots for his clothing:”I can count all my bones—
they stare and gloat over me;they divide my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.

Are you surprised? Amazed? How could my pastor or priest NOT know this? Because we don’t understand and know our Lord as a Jew. Many of our Bible teachers were mad at the Jews for rejecting Jesus as the Messiah, so they did not learn from them. There is so much good teaching on this that I have included a paper that I know you will enjoy at the end of this devotional. Please read it yourself and test it. Please feel free to share it with your teachers. But be humble and please pray first. It is not about being right, it is about knowing our Lord and that He truly does NOT leave us or forsake us!

Prayer: My God, my God, You have never forsaken me! I praise you for being the One who is always there for me. No human can be with me in my depths or heights of life truly knowing me the way you can. Thank You for recording Your Word so carefully and preserving it for me so that I can know you better. Thank You for telling us through the Prophets about how Jesus would come. Thank You that Jesus fulfilled these prophesies! Thank you that He came just like you said He would. Thank you for telling us you would never leave us nor forsake us, no matter what! And thank you for allowing us to know that you did not leave nor forsake Your Son . After all, You are One with Him; and how can one leave oneself? Thank You for allowing me to be joined to You. What a grace! What an amazing grace! This resurrection power You’re giving me, I receive! Now, knowing Your Truth, I will rejoice in an extra measure.  You are always with me…may I always be with You. Amen.

httpm/watch?v=xTLTPL5ecLM://https://www.youtube.co 

Teaching notes rom Dr. L. Mintz, Messianic Prophecies in the Old Testament ,Part 5: Psalm 22

Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence?

 If I ascend to heaven, you are there!  If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there!

                                                                                                Psalm 139:7–8

 

Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?

According to Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34, this was one of Jesus’ statements on the cross.  Jesus spoke them in Aramaic, not Hebrew, perhaps so that everyone would be able to understand him, even those less educated who were present at the cross.  At first glance, this verse appears to be a powerful emotional expression of a feeling of abandonment.  But did you know that later in the same psalm, the writer, David, declares that the exact opposite is actually true:

 

Psalm 22: 24 For he has not despised or abhorred

    the affliction of the afflicted,

and he has not hidden his face from him,

    but has heard, when he cried to him

 

When we come to Psalm 22, we face, I believe, one of the most serious theological errors of the church because of its distancing itself from its first century Jewish roots  –

 

Have you ever listened to a sermon about Good Friday and the Cross and heard something like this?  The Father turned his back on His Son because He cannot look on sin and the fellowship was broken.  This was the worst part of the suffering – that the Son experienced separation from His Father.

Here are some similar things you might hear at a Good Friday/Easter Sunday service:

“The Father rejected the Son.

As he exhausted his wrath upon the Son, the Father completely abandoned the Son.

The Father hid his face from the Son.

Jesus ‘became sin’.  Therefore the Father’s wrath was poured out on Jesus.

The Father turned away from the Son.

The physical pain Christ suffered in his passion was nothng in comparison to the spiritual and relational pain that Christ endured as he was separated from his Father.

The eternal communion between the Father and the Son was ruptured on that fateful day.

The Trinity was broken.” (List from McCall)

 

The Trinity was broken?

  • How can God turn his back on himself?
  • What does it mean about the nature of the Trinity, if it can be severed?
  • When Jesus said “I and the Father are one”(John 10:30) – did he mean that as a temporary state or an eternal one?
  • What does it mean to say God turned away from the Son because He can’t look upon sin. Doesn’t God look at sin every day? (In fact, wasn’t Satan himself in God’s very presence when they discussed Job’s righteousness?)
  • What does it mean for usif God can turn His back on His own Son in whom He is well pleased? Could He remove His presence from us too?
  • What about God’s promise that He will never leave us or forsake us? (Dt 31:6,8; Jos 1:5, Ps 94:14, Heb 13:5)?
  • Was Jesus mistaken when he said: Behold, the hour is coming, indeed it has come, when you will be scattered, each to his own home, and will leave me alone. Yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me.” (John 16:32)

 

 

Psalm 22

1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?

    Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?

2 O my God, I cry by day, but you do not answer,

    and by night, but I find no rest.

3 Yet you are holy,

    enthroned on the praises of Israel.

4 In you our fathers trusted;

    they trusted, and you delivered them.

5 To you they cried and were rescued;

    in you they trusted and were not put to shame.

6 But I am a worm and not a man,

    scorned by mankind and despised by the people.

7 All who see me mock me;

    they make mouths at me; they wag their heads;

8 “He trusts in the Lord; let him deliver him;

    let him rescue him, for he delights in him!”

9 Yet you are he who took me from the womb;

    you made me trust you at my mother’s breasts.

10 On you was I cast from my birth,

    and from my mother’s womb you have been my God.

11 Be not far from me,

    for trouble is near,

    and there is none to help.

12 Many bulls encompass me;

    strong bulls of Bashan surround me;

13 they open wide their mouths at me,

    like a ravening and roaring lion.

14 I am poured out like water,

    and all my bones are out of joint;

my heart is like wax;

    it is melted within my breast;

15 my strength is dried up like a potsherd,

    and my tongue sticks to my jaws;

    you lay me in the dust of death.

16 For dogs encompass me;

    a company of evildoers encircles me;

they have pierced my hands and feet —

17 I can count all my bones—

they stare and gloat over me;

18 they divide my garments among them,

    and for my clothing they cast lots.

19 But you, O Lord, do not be far off!

    O you my help, come quickly to my aid!

20 Deliver my soul from the sword,

    my precious life from the power of the dog!

21     Save me from the mouth of the lion!

You have rescued me from the horns of the wild oxen!

22 I will tell of your name to my brothers;

    in the midst of the congregation I will praise you:

23 You who fear the Lord, praise him!

    All you offspring of Jacob, glorify him,

    and stand in awe of him, all you offspring of Israel!

24 For he has not despised or abhorred

    the affliction of the afflicted,

and he has not hidden his face from him,

    but has heard, when he cried to him.

25 From you comes my praise in the great congregation;

    my vows I will perform before those who fear him.

26 The afflicted shall eat and be satisfied;

    those who seek him shall praise the Lord!

    May your hearts live forever!

27 All the ends of the earth shall remember

    and turn to the Lord,

and all the families of the nations

    shall worship before you.

28 For kingship belongs to the Lord,

    and he rules over the nations.

29 All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship;

    before him shall bow all who go down to the dust,

    even the one who could not keep himself alive.

30 Posterity shall serve him;

    it shall be told of the Lord to the coming generation;

31 they shall come and proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn,

    that he has done it.

 

 

 

  1. Understanding the 1stCentury Jewish use of Scripture: Jesus’ last words as a ‘remez’ to Psalm 22

`Remez is a Hebrew term which means a ‘hint’ or an ‘allusion’.  When the teachers and rabbis were discussing Scripture, they only needed to ‘hint’ at a passage with a few words, and they knew their listeners would be able to figure out for themselves the fuller meaning.  For example, if I were to say to you “mary had a little lamb”, you would most likely immediately bring to mind the entire nursery rhyme – “it’s fleece was white as snow and everywhere that Mary went the lamb was sure to go”. Or if I said “Oh say can you see” hopefully you would immediately bring to mind the words of the Star Spangled Banner.

 

Similarly, Jesus and the New Testament writers used remez hundreds of times.  It was a ‘shorthand’ way to communicate because the rabbis and their students had memorized the whole of Scripture.  When they mentioned or quoted an Old Testament scripture it may have been just a few words, but the listener would have known the larger context and story within which the quote originally appeared.

 

One example of remez is the one we have talked about before, when Jesus referred to himself as the ‘son of man’ – a remez back to Daniel 7 and the whole context of the ‘son of man’ being presented to the ancient of days and coming on the clouds.  “Daily bread” in the Lord’s Prayer is a remez back to God’s provision of manna in the wilderness.  Words can be remez, but so can actions.  Jesus’ riding on a donkey is a remez back to Zechariah 9:9.  A less known remez may be when Jesus wrote in the dirt when the adulterous woman was brought to him for judgment.  His actions might have pointed to Jeremiah 17:13 which says

13 O Lord, the hope of Israel,

all who forsake you shall be put to shame;

those who turn away from you shall be written in the earth,

for they have forsaken the Lord, the fountain of living water. (Greenwold)

We may not always  ‘get’ these ‘hints’ because of our lack of knowledge.  There are literally hundreds of allusions to Old Testament Scripture in the New Testament writings.

 

When Jesus cries out in Aramaic, ‘’Eloi, eloi, lama sabachtani” my God, my God, why have you forsaken me, it is a remez to Psalm 22. His listeners would immediately recollect the entirepsalm.  Jesus was pointing to Psalm 22 and saying, “look, see, today this Psalm is being fulfilled before your eyes.”  Indeed, at least 7 separate prophecies from Psalm 22 were fulfilled on the cross:  the cry from the cross (v.1), the mocking of the crowd (v. 7), the bones out of joint (v. 14), the thirst from suffering (v.15), the piercing of hands and feet (v. 16), the staring crowd (v. 17), and the casting of lots for the clothing (v. 18). (list from Ross)

 

John records Jesus’ last words as “It is finished” (John 19:30).  Is this another remez to the last line of Psalm 22 which is translated “for he has done (accomplished) it!”? God has done what He intended to do.

 

When we look at Jesus cry in the context of the entire Psalm, we see that  “the focus of Psalm 22 is NOT abandonment, despair and rejection by the Lord but rather the Psalm reflects hope and trust in God’s ultimate deliverance and victory in the midst of the suffering of the afflicted one.” (Martin)

 

  1. Jesus’ cry is a Scriptural quote, not a personal appeal.

Jesus never personally addressed Yahweh as “El” – On every other occasion, and there are over 170 references in the Gospels, Jesus says “Father” or “my Father, ” never “God” or “my God”.    Luke 23:46 records Jesus’ last words as “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.”

 

  1. On what Scripture is this interpretation based?

There is ONE verse that is used to support the interpretation that Jesus “became sin” on the cross.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21

21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Let’s take a careful look at this verse.

חַטָּאת    = Hamartia (Greek) =Sin= Sin offering

The same word can mean both sin and sin offering.  It is used to mean Sin offering 52 times in Leviticus and 36 times in Numbers. It can actually mean both things in the same sentence – for example this would be the reading in the Greek New Testament, the Septuagint from which Paul frequently quotes:

Leviticus 4:14

when thesin(hamartia) which they have committed becomes known, the assembly shall offer a bull from the herd for a sinoffering (hamartia)

Leviticus 5:6

he shall bring to the Lord as his compensation for the sin(hamartia) that he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a goat, for a sinoffering(hamartia).

 

Did Paul mean that Jesus became ‘sin’ or that Jesus became a ‘sin offering?’  The Hebrew and the Greek words are exactly the same!

 

Paul was a Jew who studied under Gamaliel, the great Rabbi Hillel’s student.  He certainly would have understood the sacrificial system, and what it means.  Coming from a Jewish understanding, it seems unlikely that he could have meant that Jesus literally ‘became sin’.  When animals were sacrificed for the sins of the people, the animals did not “become sin” – they were a sacrifice forsin. Just as last week we saw Isaiah (53:10) wrote that the Lord’s servant would make his soul (nephesh – body and soul) “an offering for guilt”.

 

When Paul wrote 2 Cor 5:21, it is likely that he was referring to Isaiah 53:9-11 (a remez, a hint, a hearkening back to Isaiah 53).  Let’s look at the parallels between this verse and Isaiah 53:

21 For our sake he made him who knew no sin to be (a) sin (offering) , so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

  1. he made him who knew no sin:  Isa. 53:9: “he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth”
  2. made him… to be (a) sin (offering) Isa. 53:10: “When you [Yahweh] make his life an offering for guilt …”
  3. so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. Isa. 53:11: The righteous one, my servant, shall make many righteous”

(Harris).

 

What then would be a better translation of 2 Cor 5:21?

“God made him who knew no sin (hamartia) to be a sin offering (hamartia) for us so that we might become the righteousness of God.”

 

This interpretation harmonizes with other Scripture in the New Testament which says that Jesus became a sacrificial offering for sin, not sin itself.  For example:

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.

Hebrews 10:10 And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

 

We have to ask, where else in Scripture does it speak of the Trinity being broken or ruptured?  or of God turning His back on His Son because He can’t look at sin? Answer: Nowhere.

 

  1. What does the Hebrew word ‘forsake’ mean in context?

The word ‘forsake’ is mostly used in two ways – God’s people will ‘forsake’ Yahweh – meaning turn away from Him and turn to idol worship; or Yahweh will ‘forsake’ his people – meaning He will withdraw his protection and allow enemies to overrun them; he will discipline them for a time.  By the way, the only reason God ‘forsakes’ his people in the Old Testament is because they have turned away from him to serve other gods.  (as C.S. Lewis said, “pain is God’s megaphone to a deaf world”). Forsake on God’s part NEVER means that He withdraws His presence, or turns His back.  It does mean He allows certain things to happen for a specific reason.  He ‘forsakes’ them in order to bring them back to Him.  There are dozens of examples in the Bible.  Here is one from Judges that clarifies the Biblical meaning of forsake: Judges 6:13 And Gideon said to him, “Please, sir, if the Lord is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all his wonderful deeds that our fathers recounted to us, saying, ‘Did not the Lord bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the Lord has forsaken us and given us into the hand of Midian.”

 

Why is this important?

Misunderstandings about this verse rob us of an assurance that God wants us to have  – the assurance of his continual presence in ALL circumstances – Romans 8:38 For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Fruchtenbaum, A. G. (1998). Messianic Christology: a study of Old Testament prophecy concerning the first coming of the Messiah. Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries.

Greenwold, D. (2010). The Rest of the Story: A Closer Look at Familiar Passages. Gaithersburg, MD: Doug Greenwold.

Harris, M. J. (2005). The Second Epistle to the Corinthians. Grand Rapids, MI; Milton Keynes, UK: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.; Paternoster Press.

Martin, J.C. (2003).  Exploring Bible Times: The Gospels in Context. Bible World Seminars, Amarillo Tx.

McCall, Thomas H. (2012) Forsaken:  The Trinity and the Cross, and Why It Matters, IVP Academic, Downers, Grove, Illinois.

Ross, Allen.  (2012) Backgrounds to the New Testament. Course Handout: Part III: Biblical and Theological Studies(Beeson Divinity School, Fall Semester.

 

Don’t “Pass Over” Jesus in the Passover

“In that night they were redeemed and in that night they will be redeemed.”

From the Mekilta on Exodus 12:42 

(from between 50-200 CE)

Growing up Lutheran then Baptist and an overall western-minded Christian, I missed so much of the eastern thinking in our Bible. As I began to delve into our Jewish roots, there was revelation after revelation. What I am about to share is perhaps the most earth-shaking revelation. You may already know this, and that would mean that you have good teachers. I did not make this connection until recently. God has given me very good teachers. 

It is my honor and good pleasure to pass it on to you.

Everything God did in the Old Testament was telling a story about a King and a Kingdom. The narrative describes a fallen world and a God who provides a way to be cleansed and redeemed. The feasts and sacrifices came first. They painted the picture and showed us the way to our Messiah. The Jewish people knew this very well. The Messiah came. Many of them got it! The first believers were Jews. But those in power tried to squelch the truth.

We grow up believing in Jesus and that He rose, but we miss what an amazing fulfillment Jesus was and is. It’s an absolutely astounding timeline of radical redemptive love.

In Exodus 12:1-27, God  details the first Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread. “The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you.”

God is beginning a new calendar. He is doing this because He wanted them to note the time and season of the amazing redemptive act He was about to perform. They allowed God to rearrange their calendar; they obeyed. Even though it sounded a bit strange, they followed His words exactly. Do you allow God to rearrange your calendar? Do you obey Him down to the specific details of your life? We owe respect to His chosen people because they did. Yes, they were a mess; but they turned around again and again and preserved His words and His plan. 

Obeying God in Egypt, they took the lambs, perfect unblemished year old lambs, into their homes. They did not break any of its bones (Ex. 12:43-51) .They kept it inside with them for four days. Sweet lamb…right there with them. They did this knowing they would be killing it at twilight along with all of Israel. Then they took its blood and put it on the doorposts so their lives would be spared. Then they ate a meal as directed:

With the lamb, the sacrificial meat, unleavened bread, and bitter herbs. The did it all in the order, or “seder” God directed. This  is why the Jewish people call the Passover meal “seder”. When God saw the blood, He passed over and no plague befell the houses of Israel; God did strike down the first born of Egypt. The lamb atoned for the Israelites.

This ‘Memorial day” (Exodus 12:14) that began a 7 day Feast of Unleavened Bread was to be kept forever to remind them that God freed and redeemed them. Then came the Feast of Firstfruits that occurred on the Sunday following the Sabbath after Passover. This was a dedication of the harvest to the Lord; no other gathering in could be done until the first sheaves were offered to the Priests at the temple. 

So all of this pointed to what? The Messiah. Yeshua…Jesus. At exactly these days and times ordained by God so long ago…so far in advance, Jesus had the Passover supper, what we call today, “The Last Supper”, offered Himself up as our sacrificial lamb on the cross, rose, and ushered in a new covenant. 

He rearranged our calendar again. Let’s see the timeline through Christian eyes and make the connections:

 The 10th of Nisan, our Palm Sunday -the day the lamb was selected was the day Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey. Jesus was letting us know He was the lamb that God selected. 

 Thursday-Passover was the Last Supper. It was a pilgrimage festival that all male Israelites had to attend. If you were going to make the once in a lifetime trip, you would make it on Passover. In Jesus’ day the temple was full of corruption and the people needed this hope of their coming Messiah more than ever before. In the Passover custom, they reclined at the table. Breaking with custom, as the seder leader is supposed to wash his hands before serving, He washed the disciples’ feet (John 13:3-5). As the pieces of Matzah are broken, dipped in bitter herbs and distributed is likely when Jesus said “He who has dipped his hand in the dish with me will betray me.” (Matthew 26:23). Then come the Four Cups of wine based on God’s four promises in Exodus 6:6,7 and the breaking of the bread/matzah.

This next part of the seder is my favorite. Before the meal, three matzahs are put in a linen cloth. At a certain point in the meal, the leader breaks the matzah into three pieces. The middle piece is wrapped in its own linen cloth and hidden. Mystery surrounds this ritual; the Jews wonder what the three matzo mean. Rabbis have proposed many speculations, but none explains why the middle matzah is broken, wrapped, hidden and then brought back. We know, don’t we! 

Then the matzah breaking was when Jesus likely said “Take eat, this is my body.” (Matthew 26:26) He was making the connection.

The third “cup of redemption” or “cup of blessing” is likely when Jesus said “drink of it all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. Whenever you do this (from now on) think of me.” (Matt. 26:27).

Paul also made the connection in 1 Cor. 11:25, and 1 Cor. 10:16- check it out for yourself. Then during the fourth cup, the “cup of completion”, Jesus says. “ I will not drink of this cup until I drink it with you in My Father’s kingdom.” (Matt. 26:29)  So the Last Supper was the Passover, and we will all celebrate it together when Jesus comes back! Jesus and his disciples ended the Passover seder in the traditional way of singing Psalms 115-118 (Matt. 26:30,Mark 14:26). As they joyously sung of of “binding of the festal sacrifice to the altar”, they still had no idea.

Friday/Good Friday was the Feast of Unleavened Bread:

At 9 am the traditional sacrifice was offered in the temple by the priest along with a special sacrifice…this was happening as Jesus was being put on the cross. 

Feast of Firstfruits Dedication/Resurrection Sunday_:

In the year Jesus died, this feast occurred three days after the crucifixion- the day he was resurrected from the dead. 

The Jewish people saw the importance of Passover telling them the details of the coming Messiah. Of Exodus 12: 42. the verse in the title, they proclaimed their expectation that their redemption would take place at the time of the first redemption from Egypt. 

Paul saw the connections and describes them in Corinthians. Now you know the connections. And as if you aren’t amazed enough, note the scripture selection from the Torah and the Haftarah that was read aloud the Sabbath before Firstfruits…on Resurrection day-Ezekiel 37:1-14 “…Oh dry bones, hear the word of the Lord…Behold I will cause breath enter you and you shall live….These bones are the house of Israel…behold I will open your graves and you shall rise from your graves…I will put my Spirit within you and you shall live.” As we cannot be 100% sure this was read on that Sabbath in Jesus’ day, we do know it is what is read during Passover now because Jews still keep that calendar. God is still trying to tell them…in advance. But we know..now. Easter is passover!  Constantine separated them in the Council of Nicea in 325 AD. This year, 2020, Jewish people begin Passover week tomorrow on April 8th. So now you can celebrate it at either time and know the connection. As author of Christ in the Passover, Rosen writes: “The death and resurrection of Jesus the Messiah are forever interwoven with the Passover and its symbolism.” 

Prayer: Dearest God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob-I praise you as the God who chose a people to carry out Your Promise. I praise You as the mysterious Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. I praise You as the One true God, Father of Jesus, and my God. Forgive me for walking in anything but awe of Your amazing plan to provide man with a way to be forgiven. Thank You for providing the cover I needed so that death would pass over me. Thank You for the hope of living forever with You. Thank You for allowing me to be grafted in to Your chosen people through Your Son. Thank You, Jesus, for being the living sacrifice so that I would not have to offer sacrifices to pay for my sin. Thank you for dying so that I might have abundant life, both now and forever. You give me Your Holy Spirit so that we could walk together…until we meet face to face. Thank You for making the connection! I praise You as the God who saves, offers a way to You, and as the One Who is coming back for us all. Amen.

Jesus Feeds His People

“The disciples told Jesus to send the multitudes away “so that they may go…and buy themselves something to eat.”But Jesus said to them, “You give them something to eat!”  Mark 6:36-44

 With this crazy crisis of Corona virus and food supply, God reminded me of this story.  It happened as I was reading my way through the Bible in Mark. I read Mark 6, 7 then 8.  In Chapter 6 Jesus miraculously feeds 5,000 people and in chapter 8 the disciples were faced with feeding the crowd AGAIN.  And when Jesus asked them to feed the people, the disciples acted like they’d never experienced the feeding of the 5,000! They told Jesus, “Where will anyone be able to find enough to satisfy these men here with bread in a desolate place?”  So I went back to Mark 6 and sure enough, Jesus and these same guys had indeed fed 5,000 plus! It was probably double that because they only counted the men.  So how long was it before they were called on to feed a large group again? It couldn’t have been too long? Jesus only had this public ministry for three years!

This got me to thinking about the entire passage and about our lives right now. First of all, if you back up to Mark 6:31, Jesus had instructed them to “Come away by yourselves to a lonely place and rest awhile.”  Jesus knows how busy we get and wants us to rest. Sometimes we need to be slowed down because otherwise we wouldn’t do it.  This virus is giving us all a slow down and rest time. Let us receive it without worry and truly take time to rest in Him and in His Word and listen for His voice.  His voice and Presence is the very best treasure in life. John 6:35 reminds us that Jesus is the Bread of Life.

But what about food? Amongst all the things we can worry about, it can boil down to food  and water, the things necessary to survive. So God showed us in Mark 6 and then again in Mark 8 that He will supply all our needs when we are following Him.So please receive these lessons with me and :

REST in Him during this slowed down time.

RELY on Him to make your food (and toilet paper) multiply and last beyond that which is normal.  And lastly,

REMEMBER the last great thing He did for you.

Let’s Pray: Oh Dearest Lord, Father and Provider, we praise You as our Father who gives us rest, Who Provides for us and Who does great things for us! Forgive us for our short human memory and the way we focus on the current problem and forget what you just did for us. We thank You for this slowing down time. Holy Spirit give us the spirit of rest to actually enjoy this time with You. And Good, Good Father, we make note of how you turned 5 loaves and 2 fish into more than enough for over 5,ooo! Surely we can garner at least a mustard seed of faith to trust You to feed us how we need to be fed right now. Oh Lord, You love us so much. Please have compassion on those who don’t know You.  May they open their hearts to you at this time. Allow us to be a witness of Your peace and provision. We are but sheep who desperately need their Shepherd. Thank You for being ALL we need. We trust You. We love You. Amen.